RADIATION AND HEALTH
is released from Pilgrim NPS as part of its daily operations.
There is no safe dose of radiation. Radiation, in both high and low
doses, causes cancer, autoimmune disease, reproductive disorders and birth
defects. Its effects are
cumulative. Radiation works
synergistically with other toxins to enhance each others “mischief.”
Radiation causes harm through inhalation and ingestion.
Many radionuclides are long lived and can remain in the food chain
for countless years.
NEW: National Academy of Sciences
of Cancer Risks in Populations
At the request of the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (USNRC), the National Academy of Sciences is carrying out an assessment of cancer risks in populations living near USNRC-licensed nuclear facilities. This assessment will be carried out in two consecutive phases. A Phase 1 scoping study will identify scientifically sound approaches for carrying out an epidemiological study of cancer risks. This scoping study will begin on September 1, 2010, and will last for 15 months. The result of this Phase 1 study will be used to inform the design of the cancer risk assessment, which will be carried out in a future Phase 2 study.
For further information on the study, please visit the project website at www.nationalacademies.org/cancerriskstudy. To sign up for project updates or to submit a comment or question, please send a message to the project email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Academy of Sciences, BEIR VII Report, June 2005
Women and Children Most at Risk:
The National Academy reported that overall cancer
mortality risks for females are 37.5 percent higher than for men,
and the risks for all solid tumors (lung,
breast, and prostate) are
almost 50 percent higher.
The differential risk for children is even greater. The
same radiation in the first year of life for children produces three
to four times the cancer risk as
exposure between the ages of 20 and 50. Female infants have almost double
the risk as male infants.
Heart Disease and Stroke: The National Academy stated that No amount of
radiation exposure is safe; and noted that relatively high levels of
radiation exposure increase risk not only of cancer but also of heart
disease and stroke.
These risks are much higher than permitted for other carcinogens - the allowable release for one chemical from a factory is a lifetime cancer incidence risk of (1) in a million. Apparently it is permissible for Pilgrim to cause cancer in TEN THOUSAND times as many people as an ordinary chemical factory.
The National Academy’s report fully supports the Town of Duxbury’s vote at Annual Town Meeting 2005. It set preconditions for re-licensing Pilgrim that included reducing allowable radioactive emissions into our air and water so that the biological impact is no greater than that allowed from the releases from a chemical plant licensed today; and verification of releases by monitors – computer linked to state and local authorities – at all points where radiation is released from Pilgrim and at appropriate off-site locations.
The National Academy’s report is available on the Web at http://books.nap.edu/
Southeastern Massachusetts are at risk.
The Massachusetts Department of Health’s own study, The Southeastern Massachusetts Health Study [published in the Archives
of Environmental Health, Vol. 51, p.266, July-August 1996] found a
four-fold increase in adult leukemia the closer one lived or worked to the
License Renewal and Health: New and significant information about cancer rates in the communities around Pilgrim and the demographics of these communities has become available. In addition, new studies show that even low doses of ionizing radiation can be harmful to human health. Epidemiological studies of cancer rates in the communities around Pilgrim show an increase of radiation-linked disease that can be attributed to past operations of the plant. The demographics of the population immediately surrounding the plant, including its age and geographical distribution, make this population more susceptible to radiation-linked damage than was contemplated when the plant was licensed. Pilgrim does not currently have off-site monitoring capabilities that can properly track releases of radiation into the community
Radiation and Public Health Project http://www.radiation.org/
National Academy of
Health Risks from Exposure to Low Levels of Ionizing Radiation (BEIR VII -
Phase 2) reviews scientific data and
concludes that even low does of
ionizing radiation are likely to pose some risk of adverse health effects,
Three Mile Island Alert http://www.tmia.com/
Clark University, Marsh
Center Report Overview Research Radiation Health Effects
Chernobyl Anniversary Resources: